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Littoral Combat Ship


The Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) is a fast, agile, focused-mission platform designed for operation in near-shore environments yet capable of open-ocean operation. It is designed to defeat asymmetric "anti-access" threats such as mines, quiet diesel submarines and fast surface craft. The LCS class consists of two variants, the Freedom variant and the Independence variant.

Mission modules

The LCS seaframes are outfitted with reconfigurable payloads, called mission modules (made up of mission systems and support equipment), which can be changed out quickly. These modules combine with crew detachments and aviation assets to become complete mission packages, which will deploy manned and unmanned vehicles and sensors in support of mine countermeasures, anti-submarine warfare, or surface warfare missions.

Surface Warfare mission module

The SUW mission module provides the capability to detect, classify, track, and engage multiple groups of small boats, and it can be configured with the Maritime Security Module (MSM) for Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO), Visit, Board, Search and Seizure (VBSS), drug and counter piracy operation. The ship’s speed, SUW MP capabilities, manned and unmanned aviation assets, extend the ship’s surveillance and attack potential.

Mine Countermeasures mission module

The MCM mission module provides mine detection, neutralization, and sweeping utilizing both helicopters and unmanned vehicles and supports joint operations conducted ahead of or concurrent with power projection forces.

Anti-Submarine mission module

The ASW mission module is designed to provide anti-submarine capabilities while operating in a littoral (deep and shallow) water environment. Operating in conjunction with other fleet assets, it is a force multiplier that specializes in providing first response littoral ASW capabilities, to include: ASW prosecution in shallow waters; barrier operations/sustainment of secure maneuver area; direct support to a carrier strike group (CSG), expeditionary strike group (ESG), amphibious ready group (ARG), surface action group (SAG), or maritime prepositioning forces in a littoral environment; high value unit escort; and operational deception.

Freedom Class Littoral Combat Ship

Freedom Class Littoral Combat Ship Copyright © Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Antonio P. Turretto Ramos, U.S. Navy

Status

In active service

Contractor

Builder: Lockheed Martin

Complement

Core Crew
8 Officers
32 Enlisted Personnel
Mission Specific Crew
25 Aviation Crew
15 Mission Crew

Capacity

Aircraft
2 x Sikorsky H-60 (MH-60R with Surface Warfare mission module, MH-60S with Anti-Submarine mission module)
1 x MQ-8 Fire Scout
- OR -
1 x Sikorsky H-60
3 x MQ-8 Fire Scout
Mine Clearing Systems
1 x Knifefish UUV (Mine Countermeasures mission module only)

Characteristics

Dimensions
Length: 118.1 meters 387.6 feet
Beam: 17.6 meters 57.7 feet
Draft: 4.3 meters 14.1 feet
Weight
Displacement: ~3 400 metric tons (at full load) ~3 346 long tons (at full load)
Features
Propulsion: two Rolls-Royce MT30 Gas Turbines
Speed: 40+ knots » 75+ kilometers per hour 46+ miles per hour
Cruising Range: 3 500 nautical miles » ~6 500 kilometers ~4 030 miles

Ship list

Hull number Ship name Commissioned Decommissioned Status
LCS 1 USS Freedom 2008.11.08. - In active service
LCS 3 USS Fort Worth 2012.09.22. - In active service
LCS 5 USS Milwaukee 2015.11.21. - In active service
LCS 7 PCU Detroit 2016.10.22. - In active service
LCS 9 PCU Little Rock - - Under construction
LCS 11 PCU Sioux City - - Under construction
LCS 13 PCU Wichita - - Under construction
LCS 15 PCU Billings - - Under construction
LCS 17 PCU Indianapolis - - Under construction
LCS 19 PCU St. Louis - - Under construction
LCS 21 PCU Minneapolis-St. Paul - - Ordered
LCS 23 PCU Cooperstown - - Ordered
LCS 25 PCU Marinette - - Ordered

Independence Class Littoral Combat Ship

Independence Class Littoral Combat Ship Copyright © Dennis Griggs, General Dynamics

Status

In active service

Contractors

Builder: General Dynamics LCS 2 and LCS 4 only
Builder: Austal USA Rest of the class

Complement

Core Crew
8 Officers
32 Enlisted Personnel
Mission Specific Crew
25 Aviation Crew
15 Mission Crew

Capacity

Aircraft
2 x Sikorsky H-60 (MH-60R with Surface Warfare mission module, MH-60S with Anti-Submarine mission module)
1 x MQ-8 Fire Scout
- OR -
1 x Sikorsky H-60
3 x MQ-8 Fire Scout
Mine Clearing Systems
1 x Knifefish UUV (Mine Countermeasures mission module only)

Characteristics

Dimensions
Length: 127.6 meters 418.6 feet
Beam: 31.6 meters 103.7 feet
Draft: 4.4 meters 14.4 feet
Weight
Displacement: ~3 100 metric tons (at full load) ~3 050 long tons (at full load)
Features
Propulsion: two LM2500 GE Marine Gas Turbines
Performance: 52 500 shaft horsepower
Speed: 44+ knots » 81+ kilometers per hour 50+ miles per hour
Cruising Range: 4 500 nautical miles » ~8 334 kilometers (at 16 knots) ~5 180 miles (at 16 knots)
Sprint Range: 1 500 nautical miles » ~2 778 kilometers (at 36 knots) ~1 730 miles (at 36 knots)

Ship list

Hull number Ship name Commissioned Decommissioned Status
LCS 2 USS Independence 2010.01.16. - In active service
LCS 4 USS Coronado 2014.04.05. - In active service
LCS 6 USS Jackson 2015.12.05. - In active service
LCS 8 USS Montgomery 2016.09.10. - In active service
LCS 10 PCU Gabrielle Giffords - - Under construction
LCS 12 PCU Omaha - - Under construction
LCS 14 PCU Manchester - - Under construction
LCS 16 PCU Tulsa - - Under construction
LCS 18 PCU Charleston - - Under construction
LCS 20 PCU Cincinnati - - Under construction
LCS 22 PCU Kansas City - - Ordered
LCS 24 PCU Oakland - - Ordered
LCS 26 PCU Mobile - - Ordered