The AIM-7 Sparrow is a radar-guided, air-to-air missile with a high-explosive warhead. The versatile Sparrow has all-weather, all-altitude operational capability and can attack high-performance aircraft and missiles from any direction. It had been the major medium range air-to-air missile of U.S. fighters until the introduction of the AIM-120 AMRAAM.
The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a supersonic, heat-seeking, air-to-air missile carried by fighter aircraft. It has a high-explosive warhead and an infrared heat-seeking guidance system. The Sidewinder was developed by the U.S. Navy for fleet air defense and was adapted by the U.S. Air Force for fighter aircraft use.
The AIM-120 Advanced Medium-Range, Air-to-Air missile is a new generation air-to-air missile. It has an all-weather, beyond-visual-range capability and is scheduled to be operational beyond 2020. The AMRAAM is being procured for the U.S. Navy, Air Force and allies of the United States. In addition to providing an air-to-air capability, AMRAAM also provides air defense support.
The AGM-88 High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM) is an air-to-surface tactical missile designed to seek out and destroy enemy radar-equipped air defense systems. The AGM-88 can detect, attack and destroy a target with minimum aircrew input. The proportional guidance system that homes in on enemy radar emissions has a fixed antenna and seeker head in the missile's nose.
The AGM-65 Maverick is a tactical, air-to-surface guided missile designed for close air support, interdiction and defense suppression mission. It provides stand-off capability and high probability of strike against a wide range of tactical targets, including armor, air defenses, ships, transportation equipment and fuel storage facilities.
The AGM-130 is a rocket-powered extended-range derivative of the GBU-15(V)/B electro-optically guided glide bomb. It is basically a glide bomb with a solid-fueled rocket in a strap-on WPU-9/B propulsion section. It can either fly autonomously to the target area using its GPS-aided INS, or receive updates via the data link. The missile is produced by retrofit of existing GBU-15(V)/B bombs. The only carrier of the missile is the F-15E Strike Eagle.
The AGM-158 JASSM (Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile) is a conventional, air-to-ground and precision standoff missile. Its stealthy design and standoff range enables the JASSM to strike a wide range of valuable targets without entering hostile air defense zone. The JASSM project started as a joint U.S. Air Force and Navy project, but the Navy first postponed, then cancelled the procurement of the missiles.
The AGM-86 ALCM (Air-Launched Cruise Missile) is the major long-range standoff attack missile of the U.S. Air Force's B-52H Stratofortress strategic bombers.
The AGM-129 ACM (Advanced Cruise Missile) was a stealthy, nuclear-armed cruise missile used exclusively by B-52H Stratofortress strategic bombers. Its external shape was optimized for LO (Low Observables) characteristics and included forward-swept wings and tailplanes, a flush air intake, and a flat shielded jet exhaust.
The Hydra 70 rocket system is a family of unguided air-to-surface rockets. Basically, Hydra 70 refers to the MK 66 rocket motor with any warhead / fuze combination. The rocket motor was designed to provide a common rocket for helicopters and high-performance aircraft. These rockets are used to perform various roles, including anti-materiel, anti-personnel, air-to-ground suppression and illumination.
The AGM-114 Hellfire is an air-to-ground, laser guided, subsonic missile with significant antitank capacity. It can also be used as an air-to-air weapon against helicopters or slow-moving fixed-wing aircraft. It provides precision striking power against tanks, structures, bunkers and helicopters. The missile can be guided to the target either from inside the aircraft or by lasers outside the aircraft. The program, which led to the introduction of the AGM-114 missile, was initiated under the name Helicopter Launched Fire and Forget Missile (leading to the acronym Hellfire).
The Tube-launched Optically-tracked Wire-guided missiles provide precise, lethal direct fire against main battle tanks, field fortifications, heavy weapons teams, snipers, and fleeting targets of opportunity while minimizing collateral damage. It is the main heavy anti-tank guided missile of the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps, and is used in vehicle and helicopter installations.
The FGM-148 Javelin is a man-portable anti-tank guided missile and employable fire-and-forget medium-range missile system. Designed to take the fight to the enemy, the compact, lightweight Javelin is ideally suited for one-soldier operation in all environments. Besides main battle tanks, the Javelin can also target low flying helicopters. The warhead section consists of a precursor warhead to defeat ERA (Explosive Reactive Armor) and a main warhead.
The Stinger weapon system is a man portable, shoulder-fired, supersonic missile system designed to counter highspeed, low-level, ground attack aircraft. It is effective against helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles, and observation and transport aircraft. Once fired, the missile uses proportional navigation algorithms to guide the missile to a predicted intercept point. The Stinger missile can be used as a man portable air defense system (MANPADS) when the weapon is fired from the gunner’s shoulder, or it can be mounted on various vehicles, including the Avenger system or helicopters (ATAS - Air-to-Air Stinger).
The family of MLRS rockets consists of 227mm guided and unguided rockets, which can be fired from the M270A1 Multiple Launch Rocket System or the M142 High Mobility Aritllery Rocket System vehicles.
The ATACMS (Army Tactical Missile System) is the U.S. Army's current short/medium-range tactical ballistic missile system. It is tasked primarily with the destruction of tactical surface-to-surface missile sites, air defense sites, and C3 (Command, Control and Communications) complexes.
The MIM-104 Patriot is a long-range, all-altitude, all-weather surface-to-air missile (SAM) system used by the United States Army and several allied nations. Patriot uses an advanced aerial interceptor missile and high performance radar systems.
The Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) is a key element of the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS). The THAAD interceptor missile features a single stage solid-propellant rocket motor with thrust vectoring. After burnout, the booster is separated from the kill vehicle (KV), which has no explosive warhead, it destroys the target by direct impact.
RAM is a supersonic, lightweight, quick-reaction, fire-and-forget weapon designed to destroy anti-ship missiles. Its autonomous dual-mode passive radio frequency (RF) and infrared guidance design provide high-firepower capability for engaging multiple threats simultaneously. RAM is continually improved to stay ahead of the ever-evolving threat of anti-ship missiles, helicopters, aircraft and surface craft.
The Sea Sparrow Missile is a radar-guided, surface-to-air missile based on the Navy and Marine Corps AIM-7 Sparrow air-to-air missile. It is a short-range, semi-active homing missile that makes flight corrections via radar uplinks. The missile provides reliable ship self-defense capability against a variety of air and surface threats, including high-speed, low-altitude anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs). It is widely deployed by U.S., NATO, and other international partner navies.
The Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSR) is part of a 10-nation international cooperative development program between the U.S., NATO partner nations and Australia and is a kinematic upgrade to the RIM-7P Sea Sparrow Missile that leverages U.S. guidance technology. ESSM is a medium-range, semi-active homing missile that makes flight corrections via radar and midcourse data uplinks. The missile provides reliable ship self-defense capability against agile, high-speed, low-altitude anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs), low velocity air threats (LVATs), such as helicopters, and high-speed, maneuverable surface threats. It is based on the RIM-7P, but it's a new missile in almost all respects, featuring strakes instead of wings and fins, using thrust vectoring to achieve a 50G manoeuvering capability.